Xuwtluqs at Olebar Point
Gabriola Island and Snuneymuxw First Nation
There is so much non-indigenous people can learn from the values and practices of First Nations’ people:
- how to better steward the land we all live on
- how to care for each other and all living beings
- how to honour and respect cultures that are different from our own.
SHALE articles that talk about Snuneymuxw First Nation culture, language and history on Gabriola:
The Snunéymuxw village at False Narrows – pdf
Littlefield, L., The Snunéymuxw village at False Narrows, SHALE 1, pp.3–11, November 2000
Coast Salish placenames on Gabriola – pdf
Littlefield, Loraine, Coast Salish placenames on Gabriola, SHALE 2, pp.21–6, March 2001
Early mixed race settlement on Gabriola and nearby coastal islands – pdf
Barman, Jean, Island sanctuaries—Early mixed race settlement on Gabriola and nearby coastal islands, SHALE 2, pp.5–14, March 2001
Hul’qumi’num – pdf
Doe, N.A., Hul’qumi’num, SHALE 3, pp.20–22, January 2002
Gabriola petroglyph calendar – A most unusual petroglyph – pdf
Doe, N.A., A most unusual petroglyph, SHALE 10, pp.25–32, January 2005.
For more SHALE articles on the Petroglyphs found on Gabriola, check out SHALE 17, which is a special issue on the Gabriola Petroglyphs.
Research about Snuneymuxw First Nation Nation archeology on Gabriola:
Burley, David V. 1989. Senewelets: Culture History of the Nanaimo Coast Salish and the False Narrows Midden. Victoria, BC: Royal British Columbia Museum Memoir, No. 2. (Not available online, 1 desk copy at GHMS, 8 copies for loan in Vancouver Island Regional Library system).
Gordon, Bryon, 2010 Gabriola Island – Testing the Brickyard Hill and Stokes petroglyphs prior to their dating, Canadian Museum of History
Clarke, Terrance Norman. Rewriting Marpole: The Path to Cultural Complexity in the Gulf of Georgia.
Curtin, A. Joanne. 2017. Prehistoric Mortuary Variability on Gabriola Island, British Columbia. Burnaby, BC: SFU University Archaeology Press. (Available, Online, downloadable, Creative Commons).
Curtin, Joanne A. 1999. “Biological Relationships at the Locarno/Marpole Transition: The Evidence from Gabriola Island. The Midden, Vol 21, pp. 3-4. (copy available at museum)
Gordon, Marjory E. 1974. A Qualitative Analysis of Human Skeletal Remains from DgR4-4, Gabriola Island, British Columbia. Calgary, AB: Unpublished MA Thesis, University of Calgary.
Reports and References
One way to learn is to read and become educated about Canadian Indigenous culture and history, particularly the Coast Salish First Nations if you are a resident in this area.
Here are some places to start:
Saltwater People as told by Dave Elliott – (available in the GHMS Gift Shop)
The Best of Chief Dan George by Chief Dan George
Contact and Conflict by Robin Fisher
The Wsanec and their neighbours: Diamon Jenness and the Coast Salish of Vancouver Island ed. Barnett Richling
Other important reports to read, reflect and act in your own way are:
The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous People (2007)
The Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada’s Final Reports including the 94 Calls to Action (2015)
The Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s Final Report Vol 4: Canada’s Residential Schools: Missing Children and Unmarked Burials (2016)
To read all six TRCC Final Reports, go to the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation at Reports – NCTR
The National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls’ Final Report: Reclaiming Power and Place (2019)
In Plain Sight – Addressing Indigenous-specific Racism and Discrimination in B.C. Health Care (November 2020)
A good place to learn more about Canada’s history of inflicting profound injustices on First Nations, Inuit and the Métis Nation Peoples is the National Center for Truth and Reconciliation at the University of Manitoba.
Simon Fraser University
Intergenerational Land-Based Learning for Reconciliation on Gabriola Island
For questions about this project, contact Principal Researcher: Mark Fettes, (email@example.com)
Royal Roads University
Walking in Truth: Unsettling, Decolonizing, and Learning Relational Ways of Being for Key Organizations on Gabriola Island
- This project is the Capstone research project for a MA degree in Leadership at Royal Roads University, Victoria, BC. The researcher is Tobi Elliott from Gabriola. Tobi has partnered with the Gabriola Museum’s Truth and Reconciliation Committee.
- The final report with Tobi’s findings will be posted to this site when available.
- For questions about this project, contact: Principal Researcher: Tobi Elliott, (firstname.lastname@example.org)