Malaspina Galleries c. 1920

Xuwtluqs at Olebar Point


Gabriola Island and Snuneymuxw First Nation

There is so much non-indigenous people can learn from the values and practices of First Nations’ people:

    • how to better steward the land we all live on
    • how to care for each other and all living beings
    • how to honour and respect cultures that are different from our own.

SHALE articles that talk about Snuneymuxw First Nation culture, language and history on Gabriola:

The Snunéymuxw village at False Narrows – pdf
Littlefield, L., The Snunéymuxw village at False Narrows, SHALE 1, pp.3–11, November 2000

Coast Salish placenames on Gabriola – pdf
Littlefield, Loraine, Coast Salish placenames on Gabriola, SHALE 2, pp.21–6, March 2001

Early mixed race settlement on Gabriola and nearby coastal islands – pdf
Barman, Jean, Island sanctuaries—Early mixed race settlement on Gabriola and nearby coastal islands, SHALE 2, pp.5–14, March 2001

Hul’qumi’num – pdf
Doe, N.A., Hul’qumi’num, SHALE 3, pp.20–22, January 2002

Gabriola petroglyph calendar – A most unusual petroglyph – pdf
Doe, N.A., A most unusual petroglyph, SHALE 10, pp.25–32, January 2005.

For more SHALE articles on the Petroglyphs found on Gabriola, check out SHALE 17, which is a special issue on the Gabriola Petroglyphs.

Research about Snuneymuxw First Nation Nation archeology on Gabriola:

Burley, David V. 1989. Senewelets: Culture History of the Nanaimo Coast Salish and the False Narrows Midden. Victoria, BC: Royal British Columbia Museum Memoir, No. 2. (Not available online, 1 desk copy at GHMS, 8 copies for loan in Vancouver Island Regional Library system).

Gordon, Bryon, 2010 Gabriola Island – Testing the Brickyard Hill and Stokes petroglyphs prior to their dating, Canadian Museum of History

Clarke, Terrance Norman. Rewriting Marpole: The Path to Cultural Complexity in the Gulf of Georgia.

Curtin, A. Joanne. 2017. Prehistoric Mortuary Variability on Gabriola Island, British Columbia. Burnaby, BC: SFU University Archaeology Press. (Available, Online, downloadable, Creative Commons).

Curtin, Joanne A. 1999. “Biological Relationships at the Locarno/Marpole Transition: The Evidence from Gabriola Island. The Midden, Vol 21, pp. 3-4. (copy available at museum)

Gordon, Marjory E. 1974. A Qualitative Analysis of Human Skeletal Remains from DgR4-4, Gabriola Island, British Columbia. Calgary, AB: Unpublished MA Thesis, University of Calgary.

Reports and References


Simon Fraser University

Intergenerational Land-Based Learning for Reconciliation on Gabriola Island

For questions about this project, contact Principal Researcher: Mark Fettes, (

Royal Roads University

Walking in Truth: Unsettling, Decolonizing, and Learning Relational Ways of Being for Key Organizations on Gabriola Island

  • This project is the Capstone research project for a MA degree in Leadership at Royal Roads University, Victoria, BC. The researcher is Tobi Elliott from Gabriola. Tobi has partnered with the Gabriola Museum’s Truth and Reconciliation Committee.
  • The final report with Tobi’s findings will be posted to this site when available.
  • For questions about this project, contact: Principal Researcher: Tobi Elliott, (